IDL-BNC @ IDRC >
IDRC / CRDI >
IDRC Research Results / Résultats de recherches du CRDI >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/50435

Title: Exploring Urban Rural Interdependence and the Impact of Climate Change in Tanzania and Malawi
Authors: Liwenga, Emma
Elirehema, Swai
Nsemwa, Lebai
Katunzi, Alphonce
Gwambene, Brown
Keywords: URBAN RURAL INTERDEPENDENCE
CLIMATE CHANGE
TANZANIA
MALAWI
CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY
STAKEHOLDER PARTICIPATION
FOOD SECURITY
AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
Issue Date: Jun-2012
Abstract: Urban populations in Tanzania are projected to increase from less than 3 million (<15% of the total population) in 1980 to over 25 million (~40%) in 2030 and in Malawi from just over 500,000 (~10%) to over 7 million (>30%). In the foreseeable future, the intermediate cities (with less than 500,000 inhabitants) will account for two-thirds of all African urban growth (UNHABITAT, 2008). This rapid urbanization of Africa poses many challenges for national and local governments regarding the provision of infrastructure and services which are already notably lacking in many areas. Alongside this rapid urbanization climate change is posing a serious global threat, to which Africa - faced with multiple stresses and low adaptive capacity, is particularly vulnerable. The linkages and interdependencies between rural and urban areas provided by the flows of people, goods, services, information and money is increasingly being recognised as important to both social and ecological concerns. Whilst these urban-rural linkages have been partially explored in Tanzania and Malawi (e.g. Maliro & Mataya, 1996; Bah et al., 2003; Bahilgwa et al., 2005), the impact of a changing climate on them has not been analysed. These interdependencies have deepened since the 1980s and as a consequence trends and stresses at global, national and local levels affecting livelihoods, food security and access to energy in urban areas have intensified the linkages between and heightened the implications for rural areas and vice versa. There is little evidence that such studies are accessible to or influencing decision makers - particularly local governments. Moving away from the earlier localism of some participatory approaches, there has also been increasing appreciation of the importance of linking participatory processes to wider scale development planning and of the need to understand socio-economic dynamics across scales (e.g. as households change shape in the context of increasing migration, as technological developments occur such as mobile phone technology and services, economic globalisation etc). Climate change is increasing the uncertainties around future trajectories for specific places, and exploring what these trajectories might look like on a longer-timescale is thus a critical aspect of adapting to climate change. Our action research project is thus exploring the linkages between rural localities and centralized mid-scale urban centres in Tanzania and Malawi building on our existing CCAA funded ‘Rural’ project. However, our focus is the linked urban and rural areas in relation to agriculture and food systems aiming to explore resilience and strengthen the capacity of actors in these innovation systems to respond to climate change and climate variability.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/50435
Project Number: 105836
Project Title: Urban-Rural Interdependence and the Impact of Climate Change in Malawi and Tanzania
Document Delivery: To enquire about document delivery, contact the IDRC Library : reference@idrc.ca or 613-696-2578 / Pour plus de renseignements sur la livraison de documents, communiquer avec la bibliothèque du CRDI : reference@idrc.ca ou 613-696-2578.
Appears in Collections:Research Results (RPE) / Résultats de recherches (PRE)
IDRC Research Results / Résultats de recherches du CRDI
2010-2019 / Années 2010-2019
Research Results (CCAA) / Résultats de recherches (ACCA)

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
IDL-50435.pdf
2.08 MBAdobe PDF
IDRC staff can log in using their network password; non-IDRC staff can request this document.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Valid XHTML 1.0! DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback