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|Title: ||A Mediterranean diet pattern with low consumption of liquid sweets and refined cereals is negatively associated with adiposity in adults from rural Lebanon|
BODY MASS INDEX
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Citation: ||Issa, C., Darmon, N., Slameh, P., Maillot, M., Batal, M., & Lairon, D. (2011). A Mediterranean diet pattern with low consumption of liquid sweets and refined cereals is negatively associated with adiposity in adults from rural Lebanon. International Journal of Obesity, 35: 251–258. doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.130|
|Abstract: ||Background: The beneficial impact of the traditional Mediterranean diet pattern on adiposity is still under debate, and this has
never been assessed in a developing Mediterranean country.
Objectives: To assess the relationships between adherence to a traditional Mediterranean diet and adiposity indexes, that is,
body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), in a sample from rural Lebanon.
Design: A sample of 798 adults, aged 40–60 years, was selected in continental rural areas of Lebanon for a cross-sectional study.
The questionnaire included socio-demographic, anthropometric and dietary sections. The daily consumption frequencies of
selected food groups, categorized as positive or negative components, were calculated based on a food frequency
questionnaire. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed using six a priori scores; including the widely used
Mediterranean diet score (MDS). Associations between diet scores and BMI and WC were assessed.
Results: Overall, the diet of the study sample only partially matched the traditional Mediterranean diet. A total of 17.0% of men
and 33.7% women were obese. The MDS was negatively associated (Po0.05) with WC, but not BMI, in men and women. The
constructed composite Mediterranean score combining positive components of the diet (whole cereals, vegetables, legumes
and fruit, olive oil and fish) and negative components adapted to this sample (refined cereals and pastries, and liquid sweets)
was consistently and negatively associated with both BMI and WC for men and women in multivariate models. A 2-point
increase in that score was associated with a decrease in BMI of 0.51 and 0.78 kgm–2 and a decrease in WC of 2.77 and 4.76 cm
in men and women, respectively.
Conclusion: The results demonstrate that a Mediterranean diet is negatively associated with obesity and visceral adiposity in a
rural population of a developing Mediterranean country.|
|Description: ||First published online 6 July 2010|
|Project Number: ||102692|
|Project Title: ||Wild Edible Plants : Promoting Dietary Diversity in Poor Communities of Lebanon|
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|Appears in Collections:||IDRC Research Results / Résultats de recherches du CRDI|
Research Results (Ecohealth) / Résultats de recherches (Écosanté)
2010-2019 / Années 2010-2019
Middle East and North Africa / Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord
Agricultural Transformation / Transformation agricole
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