Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/50253
Title: Multiple burdens of zoonotic disease and an ecohealth approach to their assessment
Authors: Grace, Delia
Gilbert, Jeff
Randolph, Thomas
Kang’ethe, Erastus
Keywords: ECOHEALTH
ZOONOSES
DISEASE BURDEN
DALYS
PRIORITISATION
KENYA
URBAN DAIRY PRODUCTION
CRYPTOSPORIDIUM
ZOONOTIC DISEASE
FOOD-BORNE DISEASE
DISABILITY ADJUSTED LIFE YEARS
HEALTH COSTS
ZOONOTIC DISEASES
Date: 12-Aug-2012
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Grace, D., Gilbert, J., Randolph, T., & Kang’ethe, E. (2012). The multiple burdens of zoonotic disease and an ecohealth approach to their assessment. Tropical Animal Health and Production, SI.doi:10.1007/s11250-012-0209-y
Abstract: Zoonoses occur at the interface of human and animal disease and partly because their impact and management fall across two sectors they are often neglected. The Global Burden of Disease captures the impact of zoonoses on human health in terms of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Based on this, we estimate that in low income countries, zoonoses and diseases which recently emerged from animals make up 26 % of the DALYs lost to infectious disease and 10 % of the total DALYs lost. In contrast, in high income countries, zoonoses and diseases recently which emerged from animals represent less than 1 % of DALYs lost to infectious disease and only 0.02 % of the total disease burden. We present a framework that captures the costs of zoonoses and emerging disease to human, animal and ecosystem health in terms of cost of treatment, cost of prevention, health burden and intangible and opportunity costs. We also discuss how ecohealth concepts of transdisciplinarity, participation and equity can help in assessing the importance of zoonoses in developing countries and illustrate these with an example of assessing milk-borne disease.
Description: This paper is part of a special supplement on assessing and managing urban zoonoses and food-borne disease in two African cities (Nairobi, Kenya and Ibadan, Nigeria).
ISSN: 0049-4747
Project Number: 103075
Project Title: Health Risk Analysis of Cryptosporidiosis and other Hazards in Urban Smallholder Dairy Production (Kenya)
Access: IDRC Only
Access Restriction: Due to copyright restrictions the full text of this research output is not available in the IDRC Digital Library or by request from the IDRC Library. / Compte tenu des restrictions relatives au droit d`auteur, le texte intégral de cet extrant de recherche n`est pas accessible dans la Bibliothèque numérique du CRDI, et il n`est pas possible d`en faire la demande à la Bibliothèque du CRDI.
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