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|Title: ||The Electricity Crisis in Soweto|
|Authors: ||Fiil-Flynn, Maj|
Soweto Electricity Crisis Committee
McDonald, David A
|Issue Date: ||Aug-2001|
|Series/Report no.: ||Occasional papers series / Queen's University, Municipal Services Project|
|Abstract: ||One of the priorities of the African National Congress (ANC)
when it came to power in 1994 was to make electricity
accessible and affordable to all South Africans. In some
respects the government has been successful in this regard,
having connected more than 2.5 million additional homes to the electricity
grid with plans for 600 000 more connections by the end of 2002.
This push to expand access to electricity has been undermined,
however, by its lack of affordability. High per-unit costs for township
dwellers – typically 30% higher than white suburban areas and up to ten
times higher than off-peak prices offered to industry – has meant that low-income
households are unable to purchase the volume of electricity they
need to sustain even the most basic requirements of heating and cooking.
Self-imposed reductions of electricity usage, combined with aggressive cutoffs
by Eskom for nonpayment of bills, has meant that tens of thousands
of low-income households are without the electricity they need, with dire
consequences for public health and safety and poverty alleviation.
This report provides the first detailed case study of access and
affordability to electricity in the township of Soweto, in Johannesburg.
Although not necessarily indicative of electricity supply and pricing in
the country as a whole, the findings presented here raise some troubling
questions about the effects of cost recovery on essential services for the
rural and urban poor...|
|Project Number: ||100192|
|Project Title: ||Municipal Services Restructuring (South Africa)|
|Appears in Collections:||2000-2009 / Années 2000-2009|
IDRC Research Results / Résultats de recherches du CRDI
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