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Title: Perspective changes everything: managing ecosystems from the inside out
Authors: Waltner-Toews, David
Kay, James J
Neudoerffer, Cynthia
Gitau, Thomas
Keywords: NEPAL
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Waltner-Toews, D., Kay, J. J., Neudoerffer, C., & Gitau, T. (2003). Perspective changes everything: managing ecosystems from the inside out. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 1 (1): 23-30. doi: 10.1890/1540-9295(2003)001[0023:PCEMEF]2.0.CO;2
Abstract: In the past, environmental managers could behave as if they were managing a "natural" system to which they were external; criteria for successful management could be derived from historical data or from current pristine systems elsewhere in the world. With a few localized exceptions, this approach is no longer viable. Most of the ecosystems for which critical and urgent decisions need to be made are best seen as complex ecosocial systems, with people firmly embedded as an integral element. We can no longer manage ecosystems per se, but rather we must learn to manage our interactions within our ecological context. This view, which incorporates notions of multiple, interacting, nested hierarchies, feedback loops across space and time, and radical uncertainty with regard to prediction of system behavior, requires rethinking. How should we now think about science and science-based management? Post-normal science, complex systems theories, and the creation of collective narratives offer the best hope for making progress in this field. We use several ecosystem management and community health programs in Peru, Kenya, and Nepal to demonstrate the characteristics necessary for this kind of "inside-out" approach.
ISSN: 1540-9295
Project Number: 004322
Project Title: Health, Biodiversity and Natural Resource Use in the Western Amazon Lowlands : an Integrated Agro-ecosystem Approach
Document Delivery: To enquire about document delivery, contact the IDRC Library : or 613-696-2578 / Pour plus de renseignements sur la livraison de documents, communiquer avec la bibliothèque du CRDI : bibliothè ou 613-696-2578
Appears in Collections:IDRC Research Results / Résultats de recherches du CRDI
Research Results (Ecohealth) / Résultats de recherches (Écosanté)
Sub-Saharan Africa / Afrique subsaharienne
Multi-stakeholder Participation / Participation de multiples intervenants
Latin America and the Caribbean / Amérique latine et Caraïbes
Asia / Asie
2000-2009 / Années 2000-2009

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