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Title: Chitobiase of planktonic crustaceans from South Atlantic coast (Southern Brazil): Characterization and influence of abiotic parameters on enzyme activity
Authors: Avila, T R
Machado, A A S
Bianchini, A
Date: 2011
Citation: Avila, T. R., Machado, A. A. S., & Bianchini, A. (2011). Chitobiase of planktonic crustaceans from South Atlantic coast (Southern Brazil): Characterization and influence of abiotic parameters on enzyme activity. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 407 (2): 323-329.doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2011.07.001
Abstract: Chitobiase is one of the enzymes involved in chitin degradation in nature. It is produced and released by a variety of organisms from bacteria to fish. In crustaceans, it is associated with digestive function and acts on the epidermis during the molting process. In the present study, the influence of water pH, temperature and salinity on maximum chitobiase activity (MCA), as well as the enzyme affinity (Km) for a substrate, the methylumbelliferyl N-acetyl-ß-d-glucosaminide (MUFNAG) was evaluated in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Km values for chitobiases of other crustaceans from the Patos Lagoon estuary and Cassino Beach (Southern Brazil) were also determined. For A. tonsa, MCA was observed at pH 5–6 and 30–35 °C. The range of pH was quite similar to that reported for other aquatic organisms. However, the range of temperature was lower than that previously reported. For salinity, no previous studies have considered the influence of this parameter on MCA. For A. tonsa, MCA was observed in freshwater, showing a significant linear decrease with increasing salinity. Considering that maximum copepod survival and growth rates are observed between 15 and 25 ppt, these findings suggest that the observed enzyme activity in this range of salinity (68 to 47% of that measured in freshwater) is not a limiting factor for A. tonsa growth. However, the extremely decreased enzyme activity observed in salinity 30 ppt (33% of that measured in freshwater) suggests that chitobiase activity might be one of the limiting factor for copepod growth at 30 ppt salinity or higher. Km values (μM) determined for organisms evaluated in the present study (copepod A. tonsa = 20.77; mysid Metamysidopsis elongata atlantica = 14.67; nauplii barnacle Balanus improvisus = 18.19; decapod zoea = 14.30; decapod megalopa = 24.77) were lower than those reported for other crustaceans from Northern Hemisphere. Also, they were much lower than those of organisms from different taxonomic groups like bacteria and fungi, but much higher than in protozoans and dinoflagelates. These findings suggest that chitobiase might be differentially evolved in each specific group of organism, and even within different ontogenetic stages of the same species, for a better adaptation to cope with its respective environmental needs.
ISSN: 0022-0981
Project Number: 104519
Project Title: International Research Chairs Initiative (IRCI)
Copyright: Elsevier
Access Restriction: Due to copyright restrictions the full text of this research output is not available in the IDRC Digital Library or by request from the IDRC Library. / Compte tenu des restrictions relatives au droit d`auteur, le texte intégral de cet extrant de recherche n`est pas accessible dans la Bibliothèque numérique du CRDI, et il n`est pas possible d`en faire la demande à la Bibliothèque du CRDI.
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