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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/48614

Title: Inclusión social y económica de los recicladores en la gestión integrada de los residuos sólidos urbanos
Other Titles: Social and economic inclusion recyclers in the management of integrated urban solid waste
Authors: Paz, Gregory
Steffens, Nicole
Kawakami, Keiji
Keywords: RECYCLERS
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL INCLUSION
RECYCLING
SOCIEDAD DE GESTION AMBIENTAL BOLIVIANA (SGAB)
BOLIVIA--COCHAMBAMBA
INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
URBAN AGRICULTURE
WATER AND SANITATION
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN ANDEAN REGION
MUNICIPALITIES
RECICLADORES
INCLUSION SOCIAL Y ECONOMICA
RECICLAJE
GESTION INTEGRADA DE RESIDUOS SOLIDOS (GIRS)
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: SGAB Conseil - Sociedad de Gestión Ambiental Boliviana, Cochabamba, BO
Abstract: Despite the fact that recyclers and their work are a reality in all Latin-American cities, municipal urban solid waste management systems do not take them into account. On the contrary, they exclude them, concentrating all the recycling activities in the operation municipal company, depriving them of their only source of revenue and deepening their social and economic marginality and also generating frequent socio-environmental conflicts. A system that integrates not only the waste generator and the recyclers but also the municipal waste management system was proposed in order to improve the environmental and economic services offered by the recyclers, integrating them socially, increasing their income and including them officially into the productive chains of recyclable materials. This proposal has been implemented in two districts (Bella Vista with 285 houses and 1140 people) and San Luis with 295 houses 1044 people) during 15 and 13 weeks respectively, from March to August 2009. 77% of residents agree to participate in the test separating their waste into 4 groups: biodegradable, recyclable, not valuable waste or garbage and hazardous waste. They also agree to deliver them to recyclers twice per week the biodegradable waste and not valuable waste or garbage; once per week the recyclable residues and once per month the hazardous waste. Social, operating and economic results show that recyclers are able to deal with the "door to door" recyclable waste collection if 30 to 50 homes per day deliver these materials. To achieve this they should devote 1.93 to 3.21 hours/day gathering and 4.1 to 6.8 hours per day classifying the recyclable materials. These works require 5 to 10 hrs/day for 6 days/week and generate an income (with May 2011 prices, which are high) of 3,480 to 5,800 Bs/month Bella Vista and 1939 to 3.232 Bs month en San Luis. In other words, their income would be 4.3 to 7.2 and 2.4 to 4 times the minimum living wage, (established in 815 Bs/month) in Bella Vista and San Luis respectively.
Description: Anexo 8 del informe final
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/48614
Project Number: 104395
Project Title: Focus Cities : Urban Waste Management in the City of Cochabamba (Bolivia)
Document Delivery: To enquire about document delivery, contact the IDRC Library : reference@idrc.ca or 613-696-2578 / Pour plus de renseignements sur la livraison de documents, communiquer avec la bibliothèque du CRDI : reference@idrc.ca ou 613-696-2578.
Appears in Collections:IDRC Research Results / Résultats de recherches du CRDI
Research Results (CCW) / Résultats de recherches (CCE)
Urban and Peri-urban Water and Sanitation / Eau et assainissement urbain et péri-urbain
Latin America and the Caribbean / Amérique latine et Caraïbes

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