Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/47481
Title: Custodians of biodiversity : sharing access and benefits to genetic resources
Authors: Ruiz, Manuel
Vernooy, Ronnie
Keywords: CROPS
GERMPLASM
ECONOMIC ASPECTS
GOVERNMENT POLICY
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
RESOURCES CONSERVATION
PLANT BREEDING
GENETIC RESOURCES
Date: 2011
Publisher: IDRC, Ottawa, ON, CA
Abstract: Globally, local and indigenous approaches to conserving biodiversity, crop improvement, and managing precious natural resources are under threat. Many communities have to deal with “biopiracy,” for example. As well, existing laws are usually unsuitable for protecting indigenous and traditional knowledge and for recognizing collective rights, such as in cases of participatory plant breeding, where farmers, researchers and others join forces to improve existing crop varieties or develop new ones, based on shared knowledge and resources. This book addresses these issues. It outlines the national and international policy processes that are currently underway to protect local genetic resources and related traditional knowledge and the challenges these initiatives have faced. In particular these themes are addressed within the context of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The authors broaden the policy and legal debates beyond the sphere of policy experts to include the knowledge-holders themselves. These are the “custodians of biodiversity:” farmers, herders and fishers in local communities. Their experience in sharing access and benefits to genetic resources is shown to be crucial for the development of effective national and international agreements. The book presents and analyzes this experience, including case studies from China, Cuba, Honduras, Jordan, Nepal, Peru and Syria.
Description: Co-published with Earthscan
ISBN: 978-1-55250-532-8
978-0-415-50915-2
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/47481
Project Number: 104283
Project Title: Fair Access to and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources : National Policy Development (China, Jordan, Nepal, Peru)
Access: Open Access
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