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Title: Analysis of the farmer's behaviors and the risk of exposure to the vector of Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Tunisia
Authors: Nouiri, Issam
Ghrab, Jamila
Daaboub, Jaber
Chahed, Mohamed Kouni
Keywords: WATER
Date: 2010
Abstract: This objective of this study is to analyze the behavior of farmers in two irrigated perimeters in the region of Sidi Bouzid (Tunisia) and evaluate the risk of exposing farmers to the vector of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ZCL). The method used is based on recording the periods of water use for irrigation. It is also based on formulating a parameter which reflects the simultaneous presence of both the farmer and the vector on the plot of land. The data collected showed that the El Hichria irrigated perimeter is saturated in its hydraulic infrastructure. The farmers are exposed to the risk of contact with the Phlebotomus papatasi, a vector of ZCL, of 0.25 on a scale of 1, associated with irrigation. The irrigated perimeter Ouled Mhamed showed no sign of saturation and no risk of exposure to the vector associated with irrigation. Studying the daily activity of the P. papatasi and generalizing the risk parameter to include different agricultural activities are two perspectives that could be used to improve the estimation of the risk of exposure of the farming population to the disease.
Project Number: 104270
Project Title: Water, Health and Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Access: Open Access
Copyright: Nouiri, Issam
Chahed, M K
License: Le présent document est utilisé avec la permission de Issam Nouiri, M.K.Chahed (Noms des titulaires du droit d’auteur)
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