Attribution: Please use this identifier to share, cite, or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/43899
Title: Potential to harness superior nutritional qualities of exotic baobabs if local adaptation can be conferred through grafting
Authors: Maranz, Steven
Niang, Amadou
Kalinganire, Antoine
Konate, Djeneba
Kaya, Bocary
Keywords: SAHEL
ADANSONIA DIGITATA
FONY
GIBBOSA
GREGORII
PERRIERI
RUBROSTIPA
ZA
AGROFORESTRY
INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE
TREES
DIET
Date: 2007
Publisher: World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF-Sahel), Bamako, Mali
Abstract: Baobab leaves form an important part of the local diet in Sahel countries and elsewhere in Africa. Existing leaf nutritional data and agroforestry performance information are based solely on Adansonia digitata L., the baobab of continental Africa. The introduction potential of Adansonia species from the center of diversity in Madagascar and from Australia remains untapped. To assess this potential, the mineral contents and B1 and B2 vitamin levels of dried baobab leaves were determined for five-year old trees of A. digitata, A. gibbosa (A. Cunn.) Guymer ex D. Baum, A. rubrostipa Jum. & H. Perrier (syn. A. fony Baill.), A. perrieri Capuron and A. za Baill. grown in an introduction trial in Mali. Nutritional data were evaluated against survival and vigor to identify promising germplasm. Leaf vitamin and crude protein contents were highest in the Madagascar species, especially A. rubrostipa (B1 88 mg 100 g–1, B2 187 mg 100 g–1, protein 20.7% dry weight). However, the local species far outperformed the introductions in survival, tree height, basal diameter and resistance to termites. We suggest grafting as a way of harnessing the vigor of welladapted local baobab varieties to the superior nutritional profiles of A. rubrostipa and others. Crossspecies grafting tests in Adansonia were successful, thus creating new agroforestry possibilities with different scion/rootstock combinations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/43899
Project Number: 101778
Project Title: Enhancing Biodiversity in the Agroforestry Parklands of the Sahel
Access: IDRC Only
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