Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/42331
Title: Common alerting protocol message broker for Last-Mile Hazard Warning System in Sri Lanka : an essential component
Authors: Waidyanatha, Nuwan
Gow, Gordon
Anderson, Peter
Keywords: EVALUATION
TESTING
EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS
DISASTERS
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
SRI LANKA
Date: 2008
Publisher: LIRNEasia, Colombo, LK
Abstract: Last-Mile Hazard Warning System (LM-HWS) is an Innovation aimed at providing the Communities in Sri Lanka a system to receive hazard information for early warnings. A major component of the LM-HWS is the Hazard Information Hub (HIH) disseminating CAP Message in the 3 national languages: Sinhala, Tamil, and English. These CAP Messages are sent to the Last-Mile Communities in the content-forms of audio and text. Reliability of the HIH performance must not be any less than a 95%. Such a high reliability is expected in order to give the Community First-Responders time to complete their Emergency Response Plans. The Live Exercises gave the HIH a Reliability score of 78%. For example an event such as the December 2004 Tsunami that had a minimal 90 minute duration between time of hazard starting and the time of impacting Sri Lanka; with a 78% Reliability, the function: Relaying of Message to the Last-Mile alone would take 20 minutes. Analysis also shows the Reliability to drop significantly when the combination of SISO relaying Applications increase. A MIMO Alerting Application such as a Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) Message Broker would increase the performance of the HIH and give the hazard impacting Communities additional time to execute their ERPs.
Description: Meeting: Second International Workshop on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM-CHINA 2007), 26-27 August 2007, Harbin, CH
Also published in: Proceedings of the 2nd China ISCRAM Workshop (B. Van de Walle, Xiaodi Li, & Shuyu Zhang, eds.)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/42331
Project Number: 103553
Project Title: Evaluating Last-Mile Hazard Information Dissemination
Access: Open Access
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