Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/42295
Title: Hazard warnings in Sri Lanka : challenges of internetworking with common alerting protocol
Authors: Gow, Gordon
Anderson, Peter
Waidyanatha, Nuwan
Keywords: DISASTERS
EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
SRI LANKA
Date: 2007
Publisher: ISCRAM, Brussels, BE
Abstract: There is a growing call for the use of open source content standards for all-hazards, all-media alert and notification systems. This paper presents findings on the implementation of Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) as a content standard for a community-based hazard information network in Sri Lanka. CAP is being deployed as part of the HazInfo project, which has established last-mile networking capability for 32 tsunami-affected villages in Sri Lanka in order to study the suitability of various Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) for a standards-based community hazard information system. Results to date suggest that the basic internetworking arrangement at lower technical layers has proven to be reasonably robust and reliable but that a key challenge remains in the upper layers of application software and content provision. This is evident in the apparent difficulties faced when implementing CAP messaging over multiple last-mile systems that include commercial satellite and terrestrial network technologies (C/L/X-Band, GSM, and CDMA in modes of voice and text). Lessons learned from silent tests and live exercises point to several key bottlenecks in the system where the integrity of CAP messages is compromised due to problems associated with software interoperability or direct human intervention. The wider implication of this finding is that content standards by themselves are not sufficient to support appropriate and timely emergency response activities. Those working with content standards for hazard information systems must consider closely the interoperability issues at various layers of interconnectivity.
Description: Meeting: ISCRAM2007, 4th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, 13-16, May, 2008, Delft, NL
Published in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management ISCRAM2007 (Eds. B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt and C. Nieuwenhuis), 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/42295
Project Number: 103553
Project Title: Evaluating Last-Mile Hazard Information Dissemination
Access: IDRC Only
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