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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/38903

Title: Storm protection by mangroves in Orissa : an analysis of the 1999 super cyclone
Authors: Das, Saudamini
Keywords: MANGROVE CYCLONE PROTECTION
STORM SURGE
HUMAN CASUALTY FUNCTION
HOUSE DAMAGE
LIVESTOCK LOSS
WIND VELOCITY
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
DISASTER PREVENTION
INDIA
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: SANDEE, Kathmandu, NP
Series/Report no.: SANDEE working paper / South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics; no. 25-07
Abstract: This study assesses the storm protection role afforded by mangroves. It uses data on human casualties, damages to houses and livestock losses suffered in the Kendrapada district of the State of Orissa during the super cyclone of October 1999. The cyclone (of T 7 category) devastated 12 of the 30 districts of Orissa causing 9,893 human casualties and 441,531 livestock deaths, and damaging 1,958,351 houses and 1,843,047 hectares of crop. The analysis incorporates meteorological, geo-physical and socio-economic factors to separate out the impact of mangrove vegetation on cyclone damage. The results indicate that the mangroves significantly reduced human death and seemed more effective in saving lives (both human as well as animals) than in reducing damage to static property. While there was significant reduction due to mangroves in damage to residential houses and to big animals like cattle and buffaloes, these results were not robust. If the width of the mangrove forest was 10% more that what it was at the time of the cyclone, human casualties would have been lower by 12.48 %, buffalo loss by 6.6 %, cattle loss by 2.23 % and fully collapsed houses by 2.21%. Factors like land elevation, immovable asset holdings, etc., too, had decisive effects on human casualties in the storm surge affected areas.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10625/38903
ISBN: 978-9937-8015-5-3
Project Number: 102580
Project Title: South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE)
Appears in Collections:IDRC Research Results / Résultats de recherches du CRDI
2000-2009 / Années 2000-2009
Working Papers / Documents de travail

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