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|Title: ||Integrating analyses of local land-use regulations, cultural perceptions and land-use / land cover data for assessing the success of community - based conservation|
|Other Titles: ||IDRC doctoral research award / Bourse du CRDI aux chercheurs candidats au doctorat|
|Authors: ||Dalle, Sarah Paule|
de Blois, Sylvie
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
|Issue Date: ||2006|
|Abstract: ||Studies of land-use/land cover change are an important means for examining the viability of community-based programs for forest
conservation, although an analysis of the social processes influencing land-use decisions is necessary to understand the factors leading to
different conservation outcomes.
In this paper, we demonstrate that an analysis of locally recognized land-use rules and regulations embedded in local institutions can inform
remote-sensing approaches by helping: (1) to elucidate some of the local perceptions, criteria and interactions with outside agencies that drive
conservation actions and (2) to better interpret the spatial patterns of land-use change and forest conservation revealed by remote-sensing data.
Based on a case study of a forest ejido from the Maya Zone of Quintana Roo, Mexico, we evaluate changes in forest cover and in local land-use
regulations before and after the initiation in the mid-1980s of a community forestry program, the Plan Piloto Forestal (PPF). Methods included
development of a time series of land cover maps based on LANDSAT imagery from 1976, 1988, 1991, 1997 and 2000, as well as interviews and
participant observation with local farmers and community leaders.
Results indicate a high degree of forest conservation on community lands with net rates of forest loss of 0.6–0.7%/year. Locally recognized
conservation regulations included a number of forest reserves as well as regulations which protect specific forest types, resulting from both local
initiatives and interventions of external agencies. These initiatives included but were not limited to the PPF, highlighting the importance of
evaluating community-based conservation programs within a broader historical context. Conservation regulations protecting an important
commercial non-timber forest product (Manilkara zapota) pre-dated the PPF and may have facilitated its implementation. In the most accessible
agricultural areas, the only mature forest patches were customary forest reserves and an area regenerated from secondary forests, protected due to
enrichment plantings of commercial timbers. Recognition of local Maya terminology used to distinguish forest types was crucial for proper
interpretation of local land-use regulations, which revealed that less-valued forest types may not be adequately protected on community lands.
We suggest that future research should examine the significance of the less-valued forest types for global biodiversity conservation. In addition
careful consideration of the historical antecedents and community institutions which may have facilitated the implementation of the Plan Piloto
Forestal will be important for the successful application of this model of community forestry to other socio-economic and cultural contexts.|
|Description: ||Bound with: Landscape dynamics and management of wild plant resources in shifting cultivation systems : a case study from a forest Ejido in the Maya zone of Quintana Roo, Mexico (IDRC number 122340)|
|Project Number: ||101290|
|Project Title: ||IDRC Corporate Awards 2002-2003|
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|Appears in Collections:||IDRC Research Results / Résultats de recherches du CRDI|
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